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PostgreSQL Guide

Learn more about the benefits of Satori for PostgreSQL and Schedule a demo meeting


It only takes a few minutes to get started with Satori. What you need is:

  • Access to Satori's management console.
  • The hostname of your PostgreSQL data store, for example:

Adding a PostgreSQL Data Store to Satori

  1. Login to Satori's management console at
  2. In the Data Stores view, select Add Data Store.
  3. Select the PostgreSQL option.
  4. Enter an informative name for the data store, for example: Sales Data Warehouse.
  5. Enter the hostname of your PostgreSQL database, for example:
  6. Choose the public cloud provider and region for the Satori Data Access Controller.
  7. Click Create.
  8. You will be redirected to the Data Stores list.

Connect to PostgreSQL Database via Satori

To connect to PostgreSQL database using Satori use the Satori hostname that was generated by the management console which can be found under Satori Hostname in the data store settings view, for example:

TLS SNI Required

To connect to PostgreSQL via Satori, the client application needs to support the Server Name Identification (SNI) extension of the Transport Level Security (TLS) protocol. For clients that do not support the SNI extension, Satori can enable a custom, dedicated port which overcomes the problem. The custom port number can be found in the data store setting in the management console.

Password Encryption for PostgreSQL

By default, various cloud deployments of PostgreSQL sometimes use scram-sha-256 encryption for user passwords and sometimes MD5; Satori supports both MD5 and SCRAM encryption types.

To support MD5, ensure that you have set the following database flag for your cloud instance of PostgreSQL: password_encryption=MD5

You will then need to create a new root user account at which point the encryption for this new users' password will be using MD5.

To support SCRAM, your client software will need to support setting a client flag channel_binding=disable to enable support for SCRAM passwords or else that client connection will not succeed.

Connecting with the JDBC Driver

To connect with the JDBC driver, override or add the host parameter in the JDBC URL. For example:


Connecting with the PSQL Command Line Utility

TLS SNI not supported by PSQL Please use version 13.1 or higher of PSQL. In prior versions, PSQL uses the TLS1.0 protocol by default which is considered insecure and is not supported by Satori.

To connect to PostgreSQL using PSQL change the host parameter to the Satori generated hostname and use the custom dedicated port for your data store. For example: psql -h -p 12340 -U john example

Connecting with Looker

Looker uses the JDBC driver to connect to PostgreSQL. Override the Remote Host:Port parameter with the Satori hostname. For example:

Connecting with Google Data Studio

Google Data Studio requires the Satori server certificate of the Data Access Controller to connect to PostgreSQL. To obtain the certificate contact Satori support team.

  1. Override the Hostname or IP field with the Satori hostname. For example:
  2. Check the Enable SSL checkbox.
  3. Upload the Satori server certificate.

Authenticating via AWS IAM

AWS RDS supports authentication using short lived IAM tokens as described here. When setting up your application to work with Satori, make sure not to modify the hostname used to generate the token.

e.g. in the java example below the hostname paramater RDS_INSTANCE_HOSTNAME should not be modified to the Satori hostname

private static String generateAuthToken() {
    BasicAWSCredentials awsCredentials = new BasicAWSCredentials(AWS_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_KEY);

    RdsIamAuthTokenGenerator generator = RdsIamAuthTokenGenerator.builder()
            .credentials(new AWSStaticCredentialsProvider(awsCredentials)).region(REGION_NAME).build();
    return generator.getAuthToken(GetIamAuthTokenRequest.builder()

Authenticating via GCP IAM

GCP Cloud SQL supports authentication using short lived IAM tokens as described here. GCP expects the password connection parameter to contain the IAM token. For example:

PGPASSWORD=$(gcloud auth print-access-token) psql -h -p 12340 -U example

Network Policy Settings

Satori provides you with the ability to define your network security policy for your data store.


Simply, specify which IP addresses and subnet masks should be allowed access to the Data Store and which IP addresses and subnet masks should be blocked. Note that by default, Satori allows all IP address ranges if you leave the form empty.

Example 1

To allow all IP addresses - Leave the form empty. Screenshot

Example 2

To block specific IP addresses - Add them to the blocked IP address list. Screenshot

Example 3

To only allow access to specific IP addresses - Add them to the allow list. Note: Access from all other IP addresses ware blocked. Screenshot

Example 4

To allow access from a specific IP address range while blocking parts of the range - Add the IP range to the list of allowed IP addresses and add the IP address that you wish to block to the Block list. Screenshot